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Primitive Reflex Integration

Primitive reflex integration is a process to help the nervous system work more efficiently by making primitive reflexes dormant or inactive. 

Children and adults with retained primitive reflexes may have issues physically and also mentally. For example issues with walking, crawling, crossing the mid-line, motion sickness, ear problems, and also with ASD and ADHD, Selective Mutism, and anxiety to name a few. 

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As infants develop into toddlers, these reflexes should do what health care professionals call “integration”. The response that comes with the primitive reflex should integrate into a more mature or voluntary movement. If they are still present long after they should have integrated, the child will display certain characteristics specific to the retained reflex, many of which hold back their development and academic skills. 

Reflex's and their long term affects if left unintegrated:

Tonic Reflex Integration :Balance and coordination problems, Shrunken posture, Fatigues easily, Muscle tone imbalances, difficulty judging distances, depth, space, and speed, Fear of heights, “W” sitting, motion sickness, Visual, speech, auditory difficulties, tendency to be cross-eyed, Stiff, jerky movement, toe walking, difficulty walking up and down stairs difficulty following directional or movement instructions  and poor core strength.

Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex ATNR: Poor focus, Dyslexia, difficulty crossing the midline and working in the midfield, poor gross- and fine-motor skills, difficulty with balance & coordination, difficulty learning to ride a bike, difficulty with visual tasks (teaming and tracking), slow, ambling walk, poor or tense pencil grip: awkward writing position neck and shoulder tension, challenges with handwriting, difficulty expressing ideas through writing, Poor bilateral integration (poor communication via corpus callosum) and a messy eater.


Symmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex STNR: slumped posture, weak muscles, especially in upper arms Poor hand-eye coordination, appear lazy or slothful, real difficulty moving fluidly squirming or fidgeting; discomfort sitting and standing headaches and migraines from chronic muscle tension, difficulty writing and reading, homolateral, ape-like walking, vision disorders trouble staying on task, clumsy, messy eater and difficulty copying from a chalkboard


 Grasp Reflex Palmar / Babkin Reflex: Poor fine-motor skills, tight or awkward pencil grip, difficulty with handwriting nail biting, hypersensitive palms, tension in hands, wrists, arms and shoulders, tightly clenched fists, compulsive chewing excessive drooling, difficulty separating hand and mouth movements, speech problems, stuttering addictions plantar.


Babinski: Difficulty walking or running, loose ankles, easily sprained, poor vestibular development, Poor coordination may limp if only one side is active, foot cramps, toe walking, walking with toes pointed inward and outward, tension in legs, hips, low back, walking on the inside or outside edges of feet, difficulty coordinating thought and movement Fear

Paralysis Reflex FPR:  Shallow, difficult breathing, underlying anxiety when triggered, loss of focus and visual control insecure, low self-esteem, depression/isolation/withdrawal, constant feelings of overwhelm, Challenges with transitions, extreme shyness, fear in groups, excessive fear of embarrassment, extreme self-consciousness, Fear of separation from a loved one, clinging sleep and eating disorders, feeling stuck, Selective mutism, low tolerance to stress withdrawal from touch aggressive or controlling behaviour, craves attention, extreme fear of failure, perfectionist/ frustration, phobias obsessive-compulsive disorder, tendency toward mostly peripheral vision, or mostly tunnel (centrally focused) vision,

Moro Reflex: Sleep disturbances, difficulty settling down to sleep, easily triggered, reacts in anger or emotional outbursts Shyness, poor balance and coordination, poor stamina, motion sickness, vision/reading/ writing difficulties, poor digestion, tendency toward hypoglycemia, weak immune system, asthma, allergies, and infections, hypersensitivity to light, movement, sound, touch, and smell, difficulty adapting to change, poor core strength, cycles of hyperactivity & extreme fatigue Easily distracted, difficulty filtering out extraneous stimuli, difficulty catching a ball, Difficulty with visual perception,  tires easily or is irritable under fluorescent lighting

Spinal Galant Reflex: Difficulty with potty training, bed wetting or soiling past 5 years of age, fidgeting, difficulty sitting still, hypersensitivity to touch on the back or waist, poor concentration, poor short-term memory, unbalanced walk, tripping often Scoliosis when active on one side only, and weakness in the back stiff lumbar spine

Headrighting Reflexes: Poor balance, easily fatigued, poor visual perception, poor control of eye movements, weak neck muscles, poor posture, difficulties with reading and spelling and difficulties concentrating and learning

Primitive Reflex Integration Therapy Process

Firstly please get in touch to arrange an assessment. This assessment could take between 60-90 minutes, followed by a report. £150

We then arrange an appointment to discuss bespoke excersies and a plan of integration. This appointment is around 50 minutes and costs £60.

You do the excersies at home alone, or preferably with a partner, we meet again to see how the exercises are going and change and adapt as necessary to support the integration plan! These are frequent appointments roughly around every 3-4 weeks. They last around 50 minutes and cost £60. The frequencies and total amount of appointments will depend on the assessment and treatment plan!

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